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12 Temmuz 2011 Salı

KARABÜK PROVİNCE

KARABÜK
Western Black Sea region of Turkey is located in the north of Karachi. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province a total of 225,409 'stop.

KARABÜK RESİMLERİ
KARABÜK FOTOĞRAFLARI
KARABÜK TANITIMI
KARABÜK
In 1937, a district of the village of Safranbolu Öğbeli on the Ankara-Zonguldak railway was opened in 1935, with the increased importance.
3 April 1937, with the direction of Atatürk, İsmet İnönü, is still the most important source of livelihood of Karabük Karabük Iron and Steel Factory, which laid the foundations.
Karachi, June 6, 1995, Çankırı Ovacik and Eskıpazar Eflanı districts of Zonguldak, Turkey, combining the 78 districts and Yenice Safranbolu has been the province.
Karabükspor'dur Kardemir Karabük football team name.
Geography
Karabük ilçeleriAnkara'nın 200 kilometers north and 100 km south of the Black Sea coast in the north western Black Sea province of Karabük Bartin, Zonguldak northwest, east of Kastamonu, Çankırı provinces adjacent to the west and south of Bolu.
Karachi Central, Eflanı, Eskıpazar, Ovacik, Yenice Safranbolu and the 6 parts: ..
General Information
Area: 1.376km ²
Population: 142,569 city, city of 225,102 (2000)
Provincial Traffic Code: 78
In the Western Black Sea region, Karabük, Safranbolu houses and ancient cities on a tourist paradise.
Karachi, on the Turkish nation, industrialization is proud to be representing the city. The first years of the Republic, the revolution in the way of industrialization on the decision of the Great Leader Ataturk, Turkey's first integrated iron and steel plant for the location, proximity to the coal basin and the coast, the route of the railway and the presence of Karachi was chosen because of the strategic relevance.
History
Karachi and the surrounding area, is located within the boundaries of the region called Paflagonya ancient ages. Early settlements in this area which is geographically very mixed bronze (bronze) era began in the late bronze age settlement is reached and a significant increase in density occurred in both dimensions. Hattusas found in the capital of the Hittite cuneiform texts, many of the mountains in this region who was an enemy combatant Kaska Halkı'nı hosted by the Hittite Empire is known to constantly. Therefore, over a large area in southern Paflagonya many mounds have been identified. These mounds are located at strategic points all of them and very close to the natural water resources and fertile land. There are many tumuli excavated illegally on the territory of Paflagonya.

 For this reason, the excavated tumuli tumuli dating is difficult, but on the basis of the material to begin the earliest Friğ'den be said to extend to the Hellenistic and even Roman times.
Karachi and its surroundings, the Hittites, BC after the fall of 1200, respectively, on Firik'lerin Kimmer, came under the rule of the Lydians, and Pers'lerin. King Mithridates of Pontus in 64 BC, on the defeat of Evpator'un Paflagonya region was conquered by the Romans. Hadrianapolis Eskıpazar district and the ancient cities of the Roman period Kimistene has been an important center of settlement. Anno Domini In 395 the Roman Empire was divided into two this time around Karachi and began a long-term Byzantine Period. As a bishop center during the Byzantine period and Safranbolu Eskıpazar religious settlements in the region becomes active.
After the War of 1071 Malazgirt Turks began to advance rapidly into the interior of Anatolia. 1075 'also captured Iznik Suleiman Shah founded the Anatolian Seljuk State and then commander of Karachi and the surrounding cities conquered Karatekin Çankırı Ovacik on directed and 1084, Eskıpazar, seized Eflanı and Safranbolu. After this date, this land is uncovered changed hands between the Byzantines and the Turks. Son on the Anatolian Seljuk Empire between 1186 bölüştürmüştür

11. From that date, especially Ruknettin Malik, II. Suleiman Shah, Muhittin Massoud and expanded the boundaries of the Seljuk Gıyasettin Keyhüsrev. 1196 Ankara on side of Kastamonu Melik Muhiddin Massoud fought the Byzantines and a half years. Safranbolu catapults four months after encircling the conquered castle. Safranbolu took possession of the fortress and castle, taking the Turks in the region legally "Dadybra" the name "Zalifre as" changed. Due to the boundary region between the Seljuks and Byzantines and frequently changed hands again into the hands of the Turks was in 1213.
Region, respectively; Cobanoglu Principality, Principality Umuroğulları, Candar principality, ruled. In 1326, passed under Ottoman rule Safranbolu until 1416, has changed hands several times between the two parties is seen. Karachi in 1402 after the Battle of Ankara and its environs fell into the hands isfendiyaroğulları Principality. By the year 1416 by Mehmet Celebi at the end of the interregnum period of Ottoman domination was complete. Karachi and its environs as a final passing of the hands of the Ottomans in Bolu is connected to starboard. Bolu on 1694 and 1694 has been converted into

 Voyvodalık ensign lifted a history of Hatt-i Hümayunla connected to the newly created Voyvodalığına Viransehir. Voivodship was abolished Viransehir Viransehir on 1811 state ensign. Safranbolu was the administrative center of the hoist. Kastamonu, Karabük and its environs has remained committed to a long period of National Struggle years. Karabük Safranbolu is based in and around the events of this period developed. 1. During World War II, all of Karabük, Safranbolu, consisting of soldiers and the Nation Eflanı 42 Regiments, 7 or 8 people able to return from the Dardanelles front. Independence War, the Nationalists leather and footwear needs are met largely Safranbolu.
province, a rich cultural heritage of the world has very few places rastlanacak. Detectable than 21 archaeological sites, 5 Urban Sites, 4 Pieces Natural Protected Area, 1417 pieces of registered monuments, 693 pieces of manuscripts, 1088 books printed pieces, 32 pieces found at the site, 4 mounds, more than 100 rock near the grave, has been the registration of the cultural heritage of thousands of envanterleşmemiş.
Today Karabük, Safranbolu, a district of 13-digit, while connected to the village of Öğlebeli Ankara-Zonguldak railway in 1934 with the opening of the station name for the first time began to appear on a map of the State Railways. Karabük history of the organization, as well as contemporaneous with the history of our Republic's history of industrialization. April 3, 1937 the great leader Atatürk 's directives, and by the time Prime Minister Ismet Inonu the basis of iron and steel factories in the process of industrialization in the country since that date will be discarded and replaced. Karachi Municipality in 1939, is the township in 1941. March 3, 1953 with law numbered 6068 in the town becomes. Republican decree No. 550 of the city of Karachi on June 6, 1995 78 replaces the system of provincial administration in Turkey.
Geography
Western Black Sea region, Karabük, Bartin in the north (80 km.), The northeast and east, Kastamonu, Çankırı in the southeast, southwest, Bolu, Zonguldak provinces adjacent to the west.
Karachi is composed of valleys and plateaus. The height above sea level 270 m. Although the 2000 m peak and the plateau which is good. Yenice Forests of Turkey's most important forest areas, "Open Air Forest Museum", respectively.
What to Eat?
Karabük Safranbolu tourism center with the restoration of the houses built there are many dining and entertainment venues. Live music entertainment venues in Downtown concentrated in the evening, relax. Pancake, well kebab, publishing pasta, pie and baklava can be found and local yemeklerdendir home. We always sold fresh, hazelnut, şamfıstıklı, Safranbolu, delight in the varieties of roses and saffron, is famous as Safranbolu Houses.
Karabük'ün coğrafi özellikleri
Karabük in Black Sea climate features in part, to remain inside the shore of the Black Sea are not receiving adequate air humid, continental climate features outweigh. However, as in the interior of Anatolia iiddetli freezing cold winter, dry summer with temperatures not seen. Most rainfall in the winter and spring.
climate:
Karabük in Black Sea Region in the west are characteristics of partially Black Sea climate. Karachi alone, to stay inside the shore of the Black Sea are not receiving adequate air humid, continental climate features outweigh. Climate of the Black Sea continental climate-type climate is effective in the transition area to Karabük. 13:20 C. The average annual temperature. The coldest month is January with an average 2.60 C, the warmest month is July, 23.10C, the temperature there. C. Average annual amplitude is 20:50. 11 August 1970, the highest temperature so far measured C 44.10. January 25 1974 -15 100 C as the lowest temperature measured.
Although the effect of precipitation in the Black Sea climate in every season, July and August coincided with a period marked by drought. Karabük, according to the shores of the Black Sea area is very little rainfall 487.7 mm average annual rainfall. is. Eflanı, Ovacik and the annual rainfall is more than around Yenice. July and August are the wettest months at least. spring and summer rains are torrential. The prevailing wind direction is south-west of Karabük is incelendişinde annual wind rose. And the north wind blowing over in the West. The average annual wind speed 0.8 m / sec. is.
Vegetation and Natural Life:
60% of the province's surface area covered by forests. Central District, Safranbolu, Yenice, and lush forests that Eskıpazar areas. Eflanı, Ovacik and is effective karasallık around Eskıpazar Steppes are common. High regions of the tree above the limit around here is covered with forests, mountain meadows, where there are wide.
Which is the highest point in terms of vegetation Keltepe Karabük carries the following features. At the elevation where red pine, hemlock leaves the place after a height of 700-800 meters. Mixed forests, the figure is as high as 1600-1700 meters. Beech, oak, beech, maple, ash, poplar species are common. Locally inside the creek sycamore, willow, linden, emerging species such as boxwood. Is located in the high mountain meadows above 1700 meters. Here, the most prominent type of plant thyme and sage.
This situation reflects the province Keltepe'deki all. Terrestrial climate is felt more in areas of oak to the fore, while meadows and pastures around Eflani seen a large footprint.
Yenice forests are unique in Turkey. The type of tree that hosts a large number of these forests, the six main tree species known it is possible to add 30 of the type of tree. An area of ​​four hectares of area Gokpinar arberetum (Open Air Forest Museum), respectively.
The existence of a Mediterranean climate in the valley of the river around here it seemed to the local spruce, sandalwood, Judas tree, turpentine tree species grow as shrubs provided.
Yenice forests, as well as a wide variety of tree species that, in some trees, reaching heights of emergency in diameter and contains examples. This memorial forest with trees, plants and wild animals in the unique ecosystem of the six emerging. Commonly found in the forests of Yenice and Keltepe boxwood and yew has a different significance. Is a very small number of wild boars in the region amounts of fox, rabbit, bear, partridge, blackbirds, çulluk'a seen. Outside in a newly listed above; Khan, Lynx, Wild Cat There are several types.

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